How ANC municipality almost stopped fibre broadband rollout

The Supreme Court of Appeal recently ruled in favour of Dark Fibre Africa (DFA) in a case involving the fibre broadband rollout in the Msunduzi Municipality, also known as Pietermaritzburg. The importance of this ruling for broadband in South Africa is considerable. To grasp why this case is so essential, it is needed to look back at what took place over the last two years. In 2012 DFA submitted wayleave applications to the Msunduzi Municipality to roll out a fibre network in Pietermaritzburg.

The applications for fibre broadband rollout were never approved. DFA CEO Gustav Smit explained that they tried to work with the municipality, but “after months and months” they had no choice but to start construction. In November 2013, DFA started construction of its fibre network in Pietermaritzburg with no wayleave approvals. This was attainable because of the rights given to DFA in section 22 of the ECA (Electronic Communications Act) as an electronic communications network licensee: An electronic communications network service licensee could – (a) enter upon any land, such as any street, road, footpath or land reserved for public purposes, any railway and any waterway of the Republic. (b) construct & sustain an electronic communications network or electronic communications facilities upon, under, over, along or across any land, including any street, road, footpath or land reserved for public purposes, any railway & any waterway of the Republic. “We will persist with everything else, although if they do not need to sign off a wayleave we were going to use the rights afforded to us to create our networks,” mentioned Smit. The Msunduzi Municipality was not happy, and confiscated DFA & DFA’s contractor’s equipment used for the fibre network rollout.

The court papers included an August 2013 circular which stated that “all wayleaves issued since the very first January 2013 are null and void & must be terminated with immediate effect”. Based on the judgement it was “obvious that such enables … would in all likelihood not have been granted”. With this favourable ruling DFA was allowed to continue trenching, however this was not the end of the story. The Msunduzi Municipality appealed the ruling in the Supreme Court of Appeal. The SCA held that licensees below the Electronic Communications Act do not demand permission from a neighborhood authority to exercise their rights under section 22 of the ECA.

The court further said that the Msunduzi Municipality had “repeatedly refused to cooperate with DFA for approval of the plan of construction, which includes agreement on conditions on which construction would proceed”. By winning the two legal battles, DFA paved the way for fibre network operators to be in a position to roll out networks without having to manage feasible difficulties at a municipal level.

The Msunduzi Municipality agreed that “the roll-out of fibre-optic networks by any service provider in a properly controlled manner is useful to the City”. “In doing so, but, such service providers must have suitable regard to the interest of all land owners, other service providers, plus the citizens involved”.


Issue with AT & T broadband service

AT&T’s U-verse broadband service Monday that a few clients stated affected each Television & Net service. “Earlier today, a power-related issue triggered a loss of a lot of Tv channels for U-verse clients,” AT&T spokesman Mark Siegel stated by means of email around midday, Pacific Time. “Technicians worked to swiftly resolve the difficulty & about 95 percent of impacted channels are restored, with remaining channels coming back up. We apologize for this inconvenience.” Comments from the carrier’s @uverse Twitter account earlier had said the difficulty apparently knocked out national Television channels. But countless commenters on Twitter & user forums stated they had lost U-verse World wide web and local Television service as well.

A variety of mentioned the service interruption had lasted about 3 hours. User reports of outages rose sharply soon after 10 a.m. Eastern Time and peaked at 2,608 reports about an hour later, in accordance with , which monitors social media and other sources for info about online service failures. The level of incoming reports had dropped below 300 by about 1 p.m. Eastern Time. AT&T declined to comment on World wide web outages that subscribers reported. U-verse is AT&T’s high-speed Web and Television service, which is delivered primarily over so-known as “fiber to the curb,” with traditional copper lines running from the fiber hub to houses & businesses.

AT&T advertises more than 510 Tv channels and World-wide-internet plans ranging from 3Mbps (bits per second) to 45Mbps downstream.


What Is Broadband Internet Service

The internet has become an integral part of life for many people, both on a professional and personal level. It is used for everything from banking to game playing, social communication to business negotiation, research to creating. However, when posed with the choice of selecting the best connection for one’s needs, many people are still left wondering what is broadband internet service and how it can improve their online experience.

For starters, it is a form of data communication which connects browsers to the internet. It uses a frequency that can perform a hundred times faster than that utilized by traditional dial-up modems. It even has the capability of being split so that multiple services, such as computers and telephones, may be used simultaneously.

This duality is something not found in dial-up connections. The higher frequency is designed to deliver high speed internet access and quick data processing for faster uploads and downloads without lagging. The lower spectrum is meant for telephone services that are clear, strong and dependable yet will not interfere with any operations being performed on the computer.

The strength of this type of connection can span geographical barriers and open up a whole new range of access to its users. There are so many opportunities to explore the infinite educational, recreational and cultural resources available. Having such access is just the first step to all the other advantages to be had.

New technologies in telecommunications are readily available on this type of service. Voice Over Internet Protocol, or VOIP, is an online form of communication that provides a clearer connection at a fraction of the cost of traditional telephone lines. They can even encompass video conferencing which allows two or more people to converse as if sitting in the same room though they may be separated by continents.

People with disabilities may also find a great communication advantages in a connection of this type. Both Video Relay Services (VRS) and Telecommunications Relay Services (TRS) are permitted on broadband. Those applications allow disabled individuals the freedom and ability to express themselves quickly with others using regular telephones.

Speed is one of the key aspects of this service that make it so special. The faster the downloading, the better the connection and quality of one’s experiences, especially in areas such as web browsing, online gaming and video streaming. The consistent flow of data keeps the programs running smoothly without buffering or glitches.

Two things factor into determining the speed at which an internet connection moves. The first is the megabits per second, often referred to as Mb or Mbps, at which the data flows by the millions, and the second is the bandwidth, or size of the conduit through which it travels. These are often sold in tiers with 1-4Mbps being the lowest and 50+ being the most commercially available at this time, though advances are steadily being made.

The advantages over conventional dial-up connections are obvious in practically every aspect of the experience. Everything from web browsing to checking email, file sharing to video streaming is faster, sharper and more dependable. Efficient online time management can be easily achieved when one chooses the appropriate speed for their particular internet needs.



Do A Full Broadband UK Comparison Before Making Decisions

Before you go out and decide which platform to use for your internet connection, you will need to do some research into the matter first. Broadband UK comparison findings suggest that you must find the best people in the business who can assist you in making your decision. They will be able to advise you and show the different options and the benefits of each one of them.

With options like Fibre Optic, ADSL, 3G, HSDPA, and 4G it is a lot harder for you to make the decision without feeling overwhelmed. You need to look at which one would offer you better high speed quality broadband. The last thing you need is finding yourself fighting with your connection, causing utter frustration.

Broadband lets you upload data quicker than if you had to use a dial up connection. Why should you not use a dial up connection? If you use a dial up connection, you are using the same line as your phone. No one will be able to phone in or out while you are using the internet. This system can also take up more time when making a connection.

Broadband speed connections are a lot faster and have fewer hassles when making your connection. You will find that when it comes to uploading information and files, it is so much faster and you are not wasting so much time. You will be able to send and receive larger files without worrying about the time constraints that you would normally have when using a dial up connection.

By using this type of band, you will not compromise the standard of quality when you are audio streaming online or watching YouTube videos. If you are the type of person who enjoys playing online games, this would be ideal as the quality is so much better. You will not have to sit and wait for the image to finish buffering first before enjoying it.

You will be able to set up a network connection so that more than one person can use the internet at the same time. This makes it convenient for each member in the household. No one needs to wait in line to use the internet anymore. You don’t need to put in any extra connections if you have more members in the house who would like to also have full access to the internet.

It all depends on what you would use the internet for as to what time of speed you would need. If you only go to access your emails or go to social media sites, then you don’t need to pay for high speed downloads. Opting for a light band would best suit your needs.

If you are a person who enjoys going onto the internet every day, you would need a higher package. If you enjoy surfing the internet and downloading music and video clips then you should look at medium band. This will give you a faster connection and less hassles. If you are a person who sits on the internet from day in to day out downloading movies and taking part in online gaming, then a heavy band would be well suited for this type of internet use.



Follow An Easy Broadband Guide For The Best Results

In order to acquaint you with the wonders of very high speed internet, much has to be considered. This is why our very simple easy Broadband Guide for the UK should assist you with a broad overview of what this kind of internet connectivity is. It can feel like quite a daunting experience to be plunged into a world of new technology but it is really quite simple and you will pick it up quickly.

Firstly “broadband” is a word that is used to define the most commonly used way of connecting your laptop or computer to the internet in general. This is a vast improvement on the old way of doing things which was called “dial-up” and it was a much slower than the new way. Every month you will pay a fee (that will usually be the same every month) for this service and you will have access to the internet twenty-four hours a day seven days a week, even if you are using the landline.

This connection will allow you to gain access to anything you need on the internet, providing you have a machine, laptop, tablet, smart phone or gaming machine that is compatible. You can set up and use your email, use social network sites, download information, music or videos, do online banking, the possibilities are endless. All you need is the connection and a machine.

This type of connection is brought into your house through a telephone fixed line service, through a normal telephone line, like fiber, cable or ADSL. There is also now broadband accessibility via mobile signal. Which is how your mobile phone has access to the internet, but that is a different thing altogether.

There are many different promotions on everywhere so all you would need to do is decide which one will work the best for you. There are the different types, ADSL, fiber, cable but they vary in the quality that they provide, check with each provider for what is available in your area as that will then sway your decision. As mentioned earlier they all charge a fee monthly like a subscription but there will more than likely be an installation fee which will be once off.

Now the thing to be on the lookout for is speed, as usually the faster the speed the higher the cost. In most areas a speed of approximately twenty megabits per second, but there are plans that can give you one hundred megabits per second in some areas of the United Kingdom but these will be far more costly that the average plans. Consider this carefully as you may not need to go too far above the average speed for the service you require.

If you download a lot of movies or exceptionally large files you might be affected by a “monthly usage cap”. Some of the plans out there offer additional extras like anti-virus software and free routers. These will all either help or dissuade you from choosing these plans.

It is also possible to change your provider if you already have a package that you no longer want. Especially if you want a faster connection or better technical support, then changing providers might be a good solution. Either way having an internet connection in your home is the best decision you will make.



Answer To The Question: What Is Broadband?

What is broadband? Broadband refers to a type of Internet service that is known for its speed. It has become increasingly popular and common in modern times. In fact, most homes in the United Kingdom use this service in order to access the Internet. In general, users are charged on a monthly basis to receive constant connection to the service. There are several different options available when it comes to broadband.

This type of Internet connection is made possible through ADSL line, fibre-optic cable, mobile signal or satellite. Asymmetric digital subscriber line, better known as ADSL, is a broadband that employs the telephone that already exists to deliver the connection. It uses copper BT telephone wiring, a traditional choice, that enters a home and then separates the line into a channel for broadband and voice. This signal is then carried to a telephone exchange located nearest to a property and back to the home. Signal strength is expected to degrade over long distance, as there might be interference. Therefore the speeds that are often advertised by the providers may not always be available.

Cable refers to that which utilizes fibre-optic cables. This allows the providers to deliver a connection with extremely fast download speeds. This is recognized as an improvement and upgrade from the ADSL approach. This usually permits faster and more stable connections.

Mobile gives users the ability to connect wirelessly to the Internet using their mobile phone networks. Currently, the UK employs 3G, also called third generation of standards. However, it is expected to replace 3G with 4G in the coming years. Most people use this from their mobile phones, laptops or tablets. There are many data plans that offer this type of coverage, strictly limiting use to approximately 1 to 2GB per month.

Satellite allows users to connect without having access to a fixed-line connection. Instead, the data is sent via satellite. It is received from a receiver dish and does not have to travel through cords.

Bundling is something that many choose to take advantage of for these types of services. There are some UK providers who offer what is known as quad-play bundles. These feature access to broadband, mobile, home phone and TV. The set up gives customers more value and the convenience of only have one bill a month for multiple services. Compare and contrast the bundle options available through companies in your area.

There are providers who might not offer all such services. If a business does not have a mobile plan and you are not in need of a new phone plan, you might still benefit from bundling through a trip-play package that includes broadband, TV and telephone. Generally, it is much less costly to bundle services rather than paying for each one separately and from different providers.

When signing up for these services, even with bundled packages, expect a contract. Typically these will bind the customer for at least one or two years. This is why it is so important for research to be done to compare the many types available. It is also important that individuals choose a providing company that has good customer ratings and reviews. Deals that are available for individual services or bundles might vary from place to place.


How To Compare Broadband Plans in the UK

When looking to compare broadband plans in the UK, it is important to take multiple factors into consideration – not just the price. Speed, usage, location and portability all come into play when choosing a new broadband supply.

The first consideration is the use that the internet will actually get. People who spend very little time online, perhaps only checking their emails and performing essential online transactions, require significantly less data allowance than those who will be watching catch up television, streaming music, downloading files and spending hours browsing or researching. Understanding the anticipated usage will allow the customer to make an educated decision as to the size of package they require, rather than paying a premium for service they do not need. For example, 40 hours of general internet surfing of average websites uses approximately 0.3 gigabytes – whilst 40 hours of listening to online radio channels would use in the region of 2.6 gigabytes. Watching a film in High Definition on a streaming service like Netflix or LoveFilm could use as much as 2.8 gigabytes per hour. Having an awareness of the intended use will enable the right choices to be made. Comparing packages that offer what is actually required is much more efficient than comparing a wide range of packages with additional features to confuse the process. Some policies are capped to a monthly download amount, whilst others are unlimited or offer a fair usage policy instead of stated limit.

Speed also makes a difference. Companies offering high speed connections cannot guarantee that all households will receive that speed, nor that it will be sustained throughout the day. During peak evening periods, speeds can be reduced dramatically. Despite promising headline speeds of extremely high download rates, be sure to check with individual suppliers for their coverage in the actual geographical area. Most companies offer a postcode checking service for this. There is little point in paying for high speeds if it is not possible to achieve them in the area. On ASDL broadband, this is even affected by the distance from the exchange, so be sure to check before committing to a contract and be wary when using speed details to compare suppliers if it has not been checked thoroughly.

Finally, don’t be afraid to use customer reviews to compare different company’s service levels. Reviews from existing clients offer insight into the way a company treats their customers, as well as a chance to explore their conflict resolution and dispute handling. Remain aware that many reviews are left by people with a grudge, but if there is a good substantial proportion of satisfied customers then this bodes well for new clients too.


Which Broadband Benefits Will I See?

Compared to dial up and other limited internet access methods, broadband has an enormous range of benefits. Which broadband advantages are seen by each individual user depends on their personal circumstances, but in general some ideas are central and experienced by everyone.

First and foremost, the main advantage most people cite is that whilst online on a broadband connection, the phone can still be used. Whereas previously dial up internet monopolised the phone line and prevented any incoming or outgoing communications, broadband ‘splits’ the line and does not have this consequence. It forces the telephone and the internet to operate on separate line systems, so there is no interference between the two and the phone does not register as ‘engaged’ for the duration of the internet session. Not only does this mean that information can be browsed whilst discussing options with a friend or family member at the same time, for businesses it means that important work can be performed without missing communications from clients.

It also means that it is possible to stay connected at all times, with emails automatically arriving rather than requiring a specific login, dial and connection in order to update the inbox. Plus, with a monthly payment plan and a clearly defined usage limit (or indeed no limit, with ‘truly unlimited’ options) there are no excess bills at the end of a month and no need to worry about disconnecting to save money.

Broadband connections facilitate much quicker downloads than older methods of accessing the internet. A straight comparison between dial up speed and broadband shows there is no contest. Newer broadband technologies like fibre and cable make it faster yet, though these are not readily accessible in all areas of the country. Still, broadband makes it easy to download music or films and even to stream them directly from a website in real time. For entertainment purposes, this is ideal. Catch up television services use the internet, as do a range of movie streaming options. Faster connections means a more reliable service with these secondary companies.

Whereas some people use the internet for entertainment and pleasure, others use it as an essential tool for organisation and life management. Online banking and shopping are incredibly popular, and with a proper broadband connection these are practically effortless. The internet is facilitating life management on an unprecedented scale, from organisational emails between friends and colleagues, to the fast transfer of important files between home and work or even looking for jobs and homes in the first place.


Broadband Compare: Unlimited Options

As has been in the news recently, companies have come under increasing scrutiny for their use of the word ‘unlimited’ in their advertising. When looking to broadband compare, understanding just what is meant by the phrase can be incredibly useful.

There are many options within packages described as ‘unlimited’ – many of which are lacking the freedom you might expect from such a term. Today, internet service providers have been forced to distinguish between ‘unlimited’ broadband and ‘truly unlimited’ supply. What seems like a straightforward concept has been made much more complex. In an ideal world, ‘unlimited’ broadband would mean exactly what it says – freedom to use the internet as much as required, without facing additional fees, restrictions or usage limits. This is not always the case.

According to the commonly accepted definitions, ‘unlimited’ broadband is used to describe a policy which has no set usage cap but which is governed by either a traffic management policy or a fair use agreement. These two kinds of supplier policy restrict downloads or speeds when the service is at its busiest, ie peak hours. Some companies only restrict specified kinds of internet traffic, most commonly the peer-to-peer downloading of torrents. Many people are not affected by these policies. In fact, for the majority of average internet users they are actually beneficial. During the peak evening hours, when people have finished work and are on their computers, restricting the service means that all users are able to access the system, albeit slightly more slowly, instead of having a few users receiving quick speeds and the rest being forced to struggle or even to not be able to connect at all. Traffic management means that everyone has a ‘reasonable’ service, rather than the needs of just a few users being met. Many companies also use ‘intelligent’ filtering, so that people watching live streams of catch up TV are less likely to be slowed than those who are simply downloading music in the background.

‘Truly unlimited’ broadband, then, is broadband without these restrictions. There are no caps on data usage and no traffic management across the network. Even the heaviest of internet users, downloading multiple high definition movies whilst playing real time internet games, would not be restricted in their access to the internet. For people who work from home with remote connections, large families with multiple access points on the same network in the house, or heavy downloaders, ‘truly unlimited’ options are likely to be the best choice.


Which Best Broadband Will Be For Me?

When choosing an internet connection, finding out which best broadband service will be the most suitable can seem complicated. A little information, however, can make the process much smoother and help make it easy to understand the different options available.

First and foremost, the speed and the price of the broadband package will be totally dependent on the way that your house is connected to the network. At present, there are three main options – plus a number of less common connection types for people in very rural or inaccessible locations. Most people’s homes are able to connect to ADSL broadband points, which are run through telephone lines. Available to an impressive 99% of homes in the United Kingdom, this is the way that the majority of people have experienced broadband for the past few years. Just like dial up internet before it, the modem or router is plugged into the telephone port and uses this to connect to the network. Unlike dial up, broadband connections do not monopolise the telephone and calls can be made simultaneously to browsing the web. Though BT own the majority of the telephone lines, it is not always necessary to take line rental from BT in order to have broadband. Many independent broadband operators rent the line from BT on behalf of the customer, enabling just one bill to be paid. Others choose to install their own equipment into the telephone exchanges, and take full possession of the wiring to ‘unbundle’ the phone line from BT.

Fibre and cable broadband options are newer, and generally known to be able to offer higher speed connections than ADSL broadband. Using fibre cables is much more efficient than the copper wires used in ADSL, allowing high speed connections to be made which are not dependant on the distance from the exchange. However, at the present time, only a comparatively small proportion of the country is covered in this way – fibre and cable access is not yet available to everyone. Virgin Media have an established cable network which reaches approximately 50% of the country, whilst BT has committed to a programme of expansion to reach around 8million households with their fibre service.

Alternatively, for those who do not want access fixed in their homes, outside of these main three options there remain additional choices. Mobile broadband is highly popular. This puts a small modem in a USB device, which can be plugged into a laptop for an internet connection ‘on the go.’ Relying on the same signal network as mobile phones, wherever there is sufficient signal strength the user is able to access the internet. These are also ideal for people who are moving house, or who have not yet committed to installing a landline.